Tuesday, 21 June 2011

Bridge Ampera


Bridge Ampera, Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia

Tourist Attractions and Beaches in Indonesia
Ampera bridge is a bridge in Palembang, South Sumatra Province, Indonesia. Ampera bridge, which has become a kind of symbol of the city, situated in the middle of the city of Palembang, linking regions and Seberang Ulu Seberang Ilir separated by the River Musi.


Structure 
Length: 1117 m [citation needed] (the center of the 71.90 m)Width: 22 mHeight: 11.5 m from the surface of the waterTower Height: 63 m from groundThe distance between towers: 75 mWeight: 944 tons


The idea to unify the two land in the city of Palembang "Seberang Seberang Ulu and Ilir" with the bridge, has actually existed since the time of Palembang Gemeente, 1906. When the position is held Palembang Mayor Le Cocq de Ville, 1924, the idea of ​​sticking it back and do a lot of effort to make it happen. However, until the term of office ends Le Cocq, even when the Dutch pull out of Indonesia, the project was never realized. 

At the time of independence, the idea of ​​sticking it back. Transitional Parliament of Palembang city back when it proposed the construction of the bridge, called the Musi Bridge by reference to na-ma Musi River earlier stops, at the plenary session held on October 29, 1956. This proposal is actually quite desperate because the budget is in the city of Palembang that will be the initial capital of only around Rp 30.000,00. In 1957, building committee was formed, consisting of Lord of War Command Military Region IV / Sriwijaya, Harun Sohar, and the Governor of South Sumatra, HA Bastari. Companion, Mayor of Palembang, M. Ali Amin, and Indra Caya. This team approach to the Bung Karno to support the plan. 

The work done Provincial Government of South Sumatra and Palembang, which is fully supported by Kodam IV / Sriwijaya is then paid off. Bung Karno was then approved the proposed development. Because the bridge is planned to be built with each leg in the region and 16 Ilir 7 Ulu, which means the position in the city center, Bung Karno and then submit the requirements. Namely, the placement boulevard or park open at both ends of the bridge. Was performed in the appointment of corporate development executive, with the signing of the contract on December 14, 1961, at a cost of USD 4.5 million (at current exchange rates, the EUR 1 = USD 200.00). 

Construction of this bridge started in April 1962, after obtaining approval from President Sukarno. Construction cost is taken from the Japanese war reparations fund. Not only the cost, even this bridge using experts from the country. 
At first, this bridge, named after the Bridge Bung Karno. According to historian Djohan Hanafiah, naming it as a form of tribute to the President first. Bung Karno earnest desire of citizens to fight for Palembang, to have a bridge over the River Musi. 

Inauguration of the use of the bridge conducted in 1965, as well as confirming the name of Bung Karno, as the name of the bridge. At that time, this bridge is the longest bridge in Southeast Asia. After the political upheaval in 1966, when the anti-Sukarno very strong, the bridge's name was changed to Ampera Bridge (Suffering of the People's Mandate). 
Around the year 2002, there were discourses to return the name of Bung Karno, as the name of this Ampera Bridge. But this proposal did not receive support from the government and part of the community. 

Feature 
Initially, the center of the body of this bridge can be lifted upwards so that the mast passing underneath the bridge body is not stuck. The middle of the bridge can be removed with mechanical equipment, two each pendulum weights about 500 tons in two towers. The speed of his appointment about 10 meters per minute with a total time required to fully lift the bridge for 30 minutes. 
At the center of the bridge is removed, the vessel with a width of 60 meters and with a maximum height of 44.50 meters, can pass the River Musi. When the center of the bridge is not raised, the maximum height that the vessel can pass under the bridge Ampera only nine meters from the surface of the river water. 

Since 1970, the activities go up and down the middle of this bridge is not done anymore. The reason, the time used to lift the bridge is considered to disrupt the flow of traffic on it. 
In 1990, the second pendulum weights on the bridge tower is lowered to avoid the collapse of both the burden of this ballast.

source:wikipedia