Thursday, 16 August 2012

Lake Singkarak

Lake Singkarak
Lake Singkarak, West Sumatra, Indonesia

Tourist Attractions and Beaches in Indonesia
Lake Singkarak located in two districts in the province of West Sumatra, Indonesia, the District of Solok and Tanah Datar.Lake Singkarak has an area of ​​107.8 km ² and is the second largest lake on the island of Sumatra. This lake is upstream Ombilin Trunk. However other lake water is passed through a tunnel through the Bukit Barisan to Batang Anai to drive a hydroelectric generator Art Festival near Lubuk Alung, Pariaman District.
Lake Singkarak

Geography and HydrographicLake Batur is at the geographical coordinates of 0, 36 degrees south latitude (LS) and 100.3 east longitude (BT) with a height of 363.5 meters above sea level (masl). Singkarak lake water surface area reaches 11,200 hectares with a maximum length of 20 kilometers and 6.5 kilometers wide and a depth of 268 meters. This lake has a watershed along the 1076 kilometers with rainfall of up to 252 melimeter 82 per month. 

Lake Singkarak

EcologyFish Bilih (Mystacoleucus padangensis) is a species of fish are expected to live only in this lake , and became one of the specialties. Research experts revealed 19 species of freshwater fish living in aquatic habitats of Lake Batur, Solok and Tanah Datar, West Sumatra (West Sumatra), with the limited availability of food materials. 

Of the 19 species, three species of which have high population density, namely fish Bilih / Biko (Mystacoleusus padangensis Blkr), Asang / Nilem (Osteochilus brachmoides) and Rinuak. Other fish species that live on Lake Batur is, Turiak / turiq (Cyclocheilichthys de Zwani), Lelan / Nillem (vittatus Osteochilis), Sasau / Barau (Hampala mocrolepidota) and Gariang / Tor (Tor tambroides).Then, Kapiek fish species (Puntius shwanefeldi) and Balinka / Belingkah (Puntius Belinka), Baung (Macrones planiceps), Kalang (Clarias batrachus), Jabuih / pufferfish (Tetradon Mappa), Kalai / carp (carp Osphronemus lac) and Puyu / Betok (Anabas testudeneus). 

Lake Singkarak

Furthermore, fish species Sapek / Sepat (Trichogaster trichopterus), Tilan (mastacembelus unicolor), Jumpo / Cork (Chana striatus), Kiuang / Cork (Chana pleurothalmus) and Mujaie / Oreochromis mossambicus (Tilapia pleurothalmus). 

With only 19 species of fish that live in Lake Festival shows diversity of fish in places that are not too high. Lake Batur mesogotrofik conditions that cause the carrying capacity of habitat to development and growth of aquatic organisms such as plankton and betos, very terbatas.Dari several times showed plankton populations in Lake Batur and betos very rendah. as community of plankton (phytoplankton and zooplankton) is the basis of formation of a food chain and plays an important role in an ecosystemlake . Condition, has caused a major fish source of natural nutrients are generally various types of plankton and benthos.